Importance of Cheek Bones in Facial Trauma
We all know the importance of cheekbones don’t we?
How often have you given a compliment to someone saying they’ve got high cheekbones? Let’s get skin deep to know what this cheekbone really is..
The cheekbone also called the malar bone is a pyramid-shaped bone being connected to four different bones of the face by finger-like processes. It is called the zygomatic bone and along with its attachments to the adjacent bones it’s called the zygomatic complex. It plays a pivotal role in the face as it subserves two important functions:
- Firstly, being the most prominent part of the lateral face it acts as a buffer to other structures like the orbits and protects them from injury;
- secondly, it gives a nice projection to the face which is a major contributor to the aesthetics of any individuals face.
And that’s not all..injury to this region may lead to its fracture and can drive it inwards thereby restricting the movements of the lower jaw. Hence patients who suffer from road traffic accidents or even assault on their cheeks not only lose the projection of their cheeks which looks unpleasant but they also are frequently unable to open their mouth. In our practice, we also see a variety of patients who congenitally don’t have this malar bone and hence have a very flat appearing face.
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons specialize in treating problems associated with the malar bones amongst other things.If it is due to a physical injury it is treated by bringing the bones back to their original position and fixing them in that place; if it is a congenitally deficient malar bone or deficient due to injury then these surgeons also specialise in putting different materials in that region to augment the area and give the cheeks a fuller,more esthetic look.
Have a look at this patient, he suffered from an accident..fell on the side of his face and fractured the zygomatic complex of his right side and reported to Richardson’s Dental and Craniofacial Centre. What did he come to us with? Of course, feeling disheartened about the flatness on one side of the face and extreme difficulty in opening his mouth beyond 1cm. We took him to the operation theatre..Dr. Sunil Richardson performed a 2-hour long surgery and gave his mouth opening and cheekbones back to him!
RICHARDSONS dental and Craniofacial Hospital, Nagercoil, India is situated just 69 kms from Kerala’s capital city Trivandrum(now Thiruvananthapuram). Nagercoil is well connected by air and train to cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai and Madurai.