TMJ is a common problem among Indians between the age group of 18 to 35. Thankfully, multiple treatment options are available, depending on the severity of the issue and the patient’s condition. Arthroscopy surgery is one such procedure that’s slightly invasive but not as much as an open-joint surgery. Read on to learn more about arthroscopic TMJ surgery in India:
What is Arthroscopic Surgery?
Arthroscopic surgery can help the doctor diagnose issues like torn cartilage or joint damage. The procedure involves inserting a camera through a small hole in the skin to view the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The cannula which contains thin metal tubes with cameras is passed through the hole giving a clear picture of the jaw joint and the surrounding structure. Using specifically designed small surgical instruments, the surgeon washes out the joint, performs a disc repair, or removes the bone spur.
It takes 30 minutes to 2 hours to perform the surgery, which is usually performed under general anesthesia. An arthroscopic TMJ surgery in India is generally an outpatient procedure with patients allowed to go home the same day.
Arthroscopic TMJ Surgery Recovery:
Arthroscopic TMJ surgery is minimally invasive; hence, recovery time ranges between 2–3 weeks. Initial swelling or a temporary change in bite is considered normal and should reduce in 5-7 days. During recovery, wires, bands, or splints hold the jaw in place. We suggest avoiding strenuous exercises, bending, or a hot bath for quick recovery. After the surgery, the physician would recommend specific facial exercises to keep the joint moving and stay on a soft diet during the healing process.
Arthroscopic TMJ Surgery Cost in India:
Arthroscopic TMJ surgery cost in India differs vastly, depending on the complexity and extent of the reconstruction. You can undergo surgery at a fraction of the price in developed countries. The charges for arthroscopic surgery in India range from INR 20,000 to INR 3,000,000, depending on the surgeon’s experience and the procedure’s complexity.
TMJ Arthroscopic Surgery Risks:
Generally, TMJ arthroscopic surgery risks are uncommon but might result in outer, middle, or inner ear damage leading to temporary or permanent hearing loss. There may be pain, bleeding, infection, and scarring of the joint post-surgery. Very rarely, there may be a chance of temporary facial nerve damage leading to temporary or permanent loss of facial movement.
TMJ Arthroscopy Side Effects:
Arthroscopic TMJ surgery can lead to a few side effects for some people. Certain complications include jaw stiffness, inability to open the mouth, and numbness in the ear and temple with weak forehead movements.
Arthroscopic TMJ surgery may be the last resort to alleviate your TMJ disorder-related pain and other symptoms. However, sometimes it is the best option, so it is essential to learn about the related techniques, risks, and recovery.
TMJ disorders tend to be challenging to diagnose. To know more about Arthroscopic TMJ surgery in India and the procedure, effects, and recovery time, please visit Richardsons Dental and Craniofacial Hospital.