Tooth Sensitivity -An Overview!!!

Tooth sensitivity treatment in India

Have you ever felt pain or discomfort after a bite of ice cream or a spoonful of hot soup? If so, you’re not alone. While pain caused by hot or cold foods could be a sign of a cavity, it’s also common in people who have sensitive teeth. Tooth sensitivity, or “dentin hypersensitivity,” is exactly what it sounds like: pain or discomfort in the teeth as a response to certain stimuli, such as hot or cold temperatures.

It may be temporary or a chronic problem, and it can affect one tooth, several teeth, or all the teeth in a single individual. It can have a number of different causes, but most cases of sensitive teeth are easily treated with a change in your oral hygiene regimen.

Kids dental care Flossing
Kids dental care Flossing

Tooth sensitivity is one of the most common complaints that a patient enters with, into a dental clinic. Sensitivity is a brief sensation caused by the exposure of dentin, the layer beneath the hard white enamel surface due to the external stimuli.

Causes of tooth sensitivity:

  • Ingestion of hard, acidic foods, Aerated drinks, etc.
  • Aggressive brushing habits and using a hard bristled brush.
  • Cavities involving the dentinal layer of the tooth.
  • The recession of  the gums in older people.
  • Cold weather.
  • Bruxism or night grinding.
  • Sinus infection.

Prevention of tooth sensitivity:

  • Using fluoridated toothpaste.
  • Using a soft bristled brush.
  • Abstaining from highly acidic drinks.

Treatment:

Consult a dentist to identify the cause of sensitivity.

  • If the tooth sensitivity is due to tooth decay-restoration is the ideal choice of treatment.
  • If due to bruxism, wearing a mouth guard will help.
  • If due to enamel erosion- Suitable interventions are fluoride therapy, gingival graft surgery as per the dentist’s recommendation.
  • If these procedures are not effective – root canal therapy is recommended.

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