What is sleep apnea?
Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder in which breathing is interrupted. If you snore loudly and feel tired even after a sufficient sleep.
The main types of sleep apnea are:
- Obstructive sleep apnea: which occurs when throat
muscles relax and it is the most common sleep apnea.
- Central sleep apnea: This occurs when the muscles that
control breathing could not receive signals from brain.
- Complex sleep apnea syndrome: combination of both obstructive sleep
apnea and central sleep apnea
Early treatment can
ease your symptoms and might help prevent heart problems and other
complications associated with the same.
What are the causes…???
The signs and symptoms
of obstructive and central sleep apneas overlap, sometimes making it difficult
to diagnose. The most common signs and symptoms of obstructive and central
sleep apneas include:
- Loud snoring
- Out of breathe during sleep
- Waking up with a dry mouth
- Nocturnal headache
- Difficulty paying attention while awake
- Mood swings.
This occurs when the muscles in the back of your throat relaxes.When the muscles relax, your airway narrows or closes as you breathe in. You can’t get enough air, which can lower the oxygen level in your blood. Your brain senses your inability to breathe and briefly rouses you from sleep so that you can reopen your airway. This awakening is usually so brief that you don’t remember it.You might snort, choke or gasp. This pattern can repeat itself five to 30 times or more each hour, all night, impairing your ability to reach the deep, restful phases of sleep.
This less common form
of sleep apnea occurs when your brain fails to transmit signals to your
breathing muscles. This means that you make no effort to breathe for a short
period. You might awaken with shortness of breath or have a difficult time
getting to sleep or staying asleep.
- Excess weight
- Neck circumference
- A narrowed airway
- Use of alcohol, sedative drugs, tranquilizers
- Nasal congestion.
- Cardiac disorders
- Using narcotic pain medications.
- Fatigue with irritability
- High blood pressure or heart problems
- Type 2 diabetes.
- Metabolic syndrome
- Complications with medications(general
anesthesia) and surgery
- Liver problems
- Sleep-deprived partners