Hair loss and non surgical hair regrowth
What are the different types of hair loss?
There are many possible causes of hair loss. The various causes are pattern hair loss (Male pattern baldness), Patchy Hair Loss (Alopecia areata), Delayed Loss from Stress, Sudden Hair Loss due to cancer chemotherapy & radiotherapy and usage of some type of drugs (e.g. diuretics, blood thinners, acne medications and birth control pills). Other causes which may also lead to hair loss are nutritional deficiencies, hormonal irregularities and trauma such as burns and injury to hair follicles.
How much hair loss can be considered normal?
Hair grows for a period of time, usually 2 to 6 years, and then the follicles shed the hair and go into a rest stage for approximately 3 months, then a new hair growth cycle begins. It is normal to lose between 50 to 150 hairs per day from normal shedding.
What is Patchy Hair Loss?
Alopecia areata is an immune system disorder, which causes hair follicles to stop producing hairs. Sudden loss of hair from small patches on the head is a common symptom. Advanced forms of the disorder include alopeciatotalis, where all hair on the head is lost, and alopeciauniversalis, which results in the absence of all body hair.
How can we prevent hair loss?
Maintaining good scalp hygiene (Frequent cleaning of hair) is a basic measure to prevent hair loss. The underlying problems should be corrected in case of hormonal irregularities or nutritional imbalances. In case of patchy hair loss i.e alopecia areata, the cause is mainly autoimmune. In these cases, steroid lotions or injections are given into the area of hair loss. These drugs stimulate hair growth again from the follicles. In patients with male pattern baldness (Pattern hair loss) hair, fall cannot be completely prevented because it is inherited or has a genetic trait. But the hair loss in these pattern hair loss patients can also be treated.
How do we treat hair loss in male pattern baldness?
Male pattern baldness (also known as androgenic alopecia) has both surgical (Hair transplantation) and non-surgical treatment options based on the level of hair fall. Hair transplantation may not be the appropriate first step for someone in early stages of hair loss or in patients with poor general health.
What are the various non-surgical treatment options for hair loss?
The various non-surgical treatment options for male pattern baldness are medications, low-level laser therapy, PRP (Platelet-rich plasma). The various medications used for male pattern baldness are Minoxidil, Finasteride and multivitamin capsules(contains B complex vitamins, lycopene, zinc sulphate and other antioxidants).
How effective are these medications for treatment of hair loss?
Minoxidil is topically applied medication, it stimulates the hair follicles to grow and it is directly applied to the scalp. It slows hair loss and some men experience growth of new hair. However, hair loss usually returns if the medication is stopped. Finasteride is an orally taken medication that inhibits the production of the male hormone dihydrotestosterone. Like Minoxidil it slowers hair loss than actual new hair growth. It more effective than Minoxidil. Multivitamin medication along with antioxidants help in augmenting the immune system to prevent further hair loss.
What are the complications associated with these medications?
Minoxidil being a topically applied solution have mild adverse events like itching, skin rash, acne, burning, inflammation, and swelling. Serious side effects are rare and occur only if too much of the medication has absorbed by the body. They include blurred vision, chest pain, dizziness, fainting and irregular heartbeat.
Side effects associated with finasteride include chills; cold sweats; confusion; dizziness, swelling in the legs, arms, and face; tingling; erectile dysfunction; decreased libido; and ejaculatory dysfunction; and weight gain
How does laser therapy help in hair growth?
Low-level laser therapy works by stimulating the minute blood vessels of the scalp, thus improving circulation and blood flow to the hair roots. The increased blood flow helps in stimulating the follicles to grow new hair.
What is PRP?
PRP, or Platelet Rich Plasma, is a concentration derived from the patient’s own blood – a rich source of specialized proteins called Growth Factors that stimulate stem cell activity in dormant hair follicles for up to 3-4 months.
How is PRP given into the scalp?
PRP is injected into the scalp using insulin syringes prior to injecting PRP into the scalp local anesthetic blocks are given into scalp area. Thus PRP injections are very comfortable and don’t cause pain to the patient.
PRP for Hair loss treatment is performed by Dr. Sunil Richardson, an expert in PRP therapy at Richardsons dental and craniofacial Hospital Nagercoil, Tamilnadu, India, just 70 kms distance from Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram) the capital city of Kerala State.