trauma surgeon in india

Maxillofacial Trauma Surgery in India: An Overview

In general, any injury to the face or jaw is considered maxillofacial trauma. Read on if you’re looking for relief from a wide range of problems and injuries to the head, neck, face, and jaws. And if you’re looking for a hospital specializing in maxillofacial trauma surgery in India, visit The Richardsons Hospital.

How Has Maxillofacial Trauma Surgery in India Evolved?

India has one of the highest road crash deaths and injuries in the world – we account for just 1% of the world’s vehicle population and yet 11% of global deaths. So much so, road traffic accidents (RTA) kill one person every 4 minutes in India.

Another study published in the Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological, and Chemical Sciences, found that the maxillofacial injuries were the most common, with the mandible being the more commonly anatomic part.

Maxillofacial injuries are one of the many challenges faced by patients with multiple injuries (polytrauma patients). Severe injuries could complicate early treatment with the region being close to the brain, cervical spine, and airway. Thankfully, maxillofacial trauma management has evolved significantly over the last few decades, thereby reducing mortality during the golden hour.

In fact, not long ago, maxillofacial trauma surgeons in India performed navigation surgery on a patient whose eye socket was severely injured. The surgery helped reconstruct the patient’s orbital floor and prevent double vision.

Cheekbone facial trauma front

What Is the Primary Cause of Maxillofacial Trauma?

Some of the most common causes for maxillofacial trauma include:

  • Accidents
  • Assault
  • Sports injuries
  • Falls

Depending on where you live, causes could range from firearm injuries and industrial accidents to even interpersonal violence. For instance, in India, motor accidents are a significant cause of facial trauma. In fact, only last year, the country’s Road Transport Minister commented that the road accident scenario is more dangerous than the COVID-19 pandemic in India.

What Are the Signs That Are Present in Maxillofacial Trauma Cases?

As the face is the most visible part of our body, it is especially prone to injury. Facial trauma often occurs in conjunction with damage to other organ systems of the body, and in such circumstances, the morbidity levels rise, necessitating rapid intervention and management. Trauma to the maxillofacial region can result in severe or life-threatening symptoms including brain injury, breathing blockage, excessive bleeding, or shock. When maxillofacial trauma is combined with other injuries, the risk of morbidity rises dramatically and should be treated with care.

What Is the Most Commonly Fractured Structure of The Maxillofacial Complex?

Nasal bone fractures are the most prevalent, while complex zygomatic fractures are the most common in maxillofacial trauma.

If you are looking for relief from facial trauma, we suggest visiting the Richardsons Hospital for maxillofacial trauma treatment in India. Dr. Sunil Richardson is a leading facial cosmetic surgery and has performed hundreds of reconstructive and facial trauma surgeries over the years.


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