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Orthognathic Surgery

The phrase orthognathic is derived from the Greek terms “orthos,” which means “straighten,” and “gnathic,” which means “of or relating to the jaw.” As a result, the word orthognathic was coined, which means “to straighten the jaw.” Orthognathic surgery is a type of maxillofacial cosmetic surgery that requires the correction of jaw and facial deformities caused by incorrect anatomy.

It is used to correct a variety of minor and major dental and skeletal abnormalities, such as jaw and teeth irregularity. As a result of the operation, the patient’s appearance is greatly improved. Orthognathic surgery in India is also used to fix functional issues such as chewing, speaking, and breathing.

What is orthognathic surgery?

Jaw surgery, also known as orthognathic surgery, improves the way the jaws and teeth function by correcting defects in the jawbones and realigning the jaws and teeth. These changes can also help to enhance facial appearance.

If you have jaw issues that cannot be fixed with orthodontics alone, orthognathic surgery could be an amazing option. In most cases, you will still have braces on your teeth before surgery and when recovering from surgery until your teeth have fully healed and fixed.

To create a treatment plan for you, your orthodontist will collaborate with your oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Normally the ages of 14 to 16 for females and 17 to 21 for males are recommended for orthognathic surgery.

Orthognathic surgery types

There are many types of orthognathic surgeries but all of them require a lot of expertise and experience. Only a maxillofacial surgeon should perform orthognathic surgery because he or she is the only specialist qualified to treat both the bone and soft tissue of the face.

Majorly, Orthognathic surgery is divided into three types: –

  1. Maxillary Surgery
  2. Mandibular surgery
  3. Maxillomandibular surgery also called bimaxillary surgery.

Orthognathic surgery is used to correct jaw defects caused by heredity, accidents, sports injuries, or a general dislike of one’s appearance. It can also help in the correction of dental flaws.

Who needs orthognathic surgery?

The seriousness of the problems determines the need for surgery. While some peoples’ teeth are crooked, but their jaws are in good shape. Other people have relatively straight teeth, but their jaws are out of alignment.

Then others have uneven teeth as well as misaligned jaws. Conventional orthodontic treatment with braces, elastics, expanders and extractions can normally fix the issue if the individual’s jaws are similar to normal size and position.

Teeth may be placed to cover for or “camouflage” the underlying difference in cases with mild to moderate jaw-size differences. Elastics, springs, or removing two upper teeth, for example, will help move the top teeth backward, the bottom teeth forwards, or a combination of the two in cases of mildly misaligned teeth.

To compensate for the mismatch, a person with a mild underbite may wear elastics or have two lower bicuspids removed. Over 95% of all orthodontic patients who do an orthognathic treatment in India accept this camouflage approach.

How long does orthognathic surgery take?

Most surgeries take between 2 and 5 hours, but the exact time depends on the surgery being done. General anesthesia is used for orthognathic maxillary surgery in India. That means you’ll be unconscious for the duration of the procedure. So, you may experience something different but you will not experience much pain during the surgery due to anesthesia.

Before beginning the process, a thorough review of the patient’s medical history is conducted. You should be aware that your doctor will only perform proper orthognathic surgery after a thorough physical examination. Following a physical examination, the doctor will be able to tell you what changes to expect on your face following orthognathic surgery in India.

What happens during orthognathic surgery?

A surgeon realigns your jaw during surgery to fix any complications you might have. The aim is to align any area that needs alignment or surgery. Orthognathic surgery necessitates many other factors in addition to the surgery itself.

The oral surgeon carefully prepares your surgical procedure based on your jaw before surgery. To show how the surgery will be performed, orthognathic surgery in India uses advanced computer techniques and three-dimensional models.

The surgeon can also use digital video imaging and detailed facial X-rays to show how the bite will be enhanced or how your facial shape will be improved after surgery.

CBCT image of Orthognathic surgery
CBCT image of Orthognathic surgery performed at Richardsons dental and craniofacial Hospital Nagercoil, Tamilnadu India

 

How long do you stay in the hospital after orthognathic surgery?

Orthognathic surgery is performed in a hospital setting, and patients are required to stay for two to four days after the surgery. This is to make sure that the patient is under proper supervision post the surgery. If any complications arise, the doctors can take care of it.

How long is recovery after orthognathic surgery?

Orthognathic surgery has a six-week recovery period. Following surgery, most surgeons advise patients to take two weeks off work or school. It can take 3 months for your jaw to recover fully.

You can suffer postoperative symptoms such as bleeding, nausea, and swelling right after surgery. Swelling is a natural occurrence, so do not worry. But always keep your doctor informed.

For 2 – 3 weeks after the surgery, your face will be swollen, numb, and show signs of bruising. The swelling peaks on the 3rd day, but it subsides after 2 to 3 weeks.

How much does orthognathic surgery cost in India?

Many people are concerned about the orthognathic treatment price in India. Orthognathic surgery is a straightforward technique that involves skilled surgeons’ finesse.

Various types of jaw implants are used in orthognathic surgery. To get the full benefit, orthognathic surgery is usually combined with a chin implant. The type of implant or implants used in the procedure affects the orthognathic surgery cost in India.

Conclusion

Any type of physical disability can cause a great deal of anxiety and serious problems in one’s personal and professional life. This is why orthognathic surgery, also known as jaw surgery, is becoming increasingly common in India.
Many jawline and facial conditions could not be treated beyond a certain stage until a few decades ago. Today, however, this is not the case. Orthognathic surgery in India can now easily correct any hereditary or acquired disease affecting the jaw tissues or jawline.

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