maxillofacial trauma

All You Want to Know About Facial Trauma Surgery in India

Facial trauma surgery in India is far removed from the plastic surgery context, where the procedure is elective and does not involve functional corrections to the face. Facial trauma surgery in India deals with corrective surgeries needed to regain the functionality of the face and jaws damaged due to facial trauma.

What Is Considered Facial Trauma?

Facial Trauma is defined as the injury affecting the bones and tissues of the face of the jaw. The cause for the damage can range from a minor fall to a significant accident and will therefore define the impact of the injury. Fractures to the various facial bones, fractures of the jawline, Tumor in the jaws, nasal or sinus cavity obstructions, palate, and soft tissue injuries all constitute facial trauma. Facial trauma surgery in India is conducted by specialists in plastic surgery and maxillofacial surgeries.

facial trauma surgery in india

How Do You Treat Facial Trauma?

Surgeons can diagnose and create treatment plans for facial trauma as per the impact of the trauma on the functionality of the organs. The treatments can be invasive or non-invasive.

Non-invasive treatment plans

This treatment option is given in case of minor injuries, which the doctor assesses to need only the following.

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers
  • Anti-inflammatories to subside the inflammations
  • Antibiotics to heal the injury
  • Muscle relaxant medication

Surgical treatment is used in facial traumas with a more significant impact and needs expert care from facial trauma surgeons. Highly advanced and minimally invasive procedures are used these days to correct facial trauma. After careful evaluation, your surgeon will recommend one of the following procedures.

  • Open reduction with internal fixation
  • Closed reduction surgery
  • Stitches and skin grafts

How Long Does Facial Trauma Surgery Take to Heal in India?

The period for recovery from a facial trauma depends on the intensity of the injury and complications involved in the surgery and recovery process. However, patients who have had facial trauma are usually advised to wait 6-8 weeks before engaging in vigorous activities that could result in subsequent facial injuries.


Facial bruising and edema may resolve in as little as 2-3 weeks. Nerve injury that affects physical sensations can take weeks or months to heal, and in rare circumstances, there may be just partial healing or no recovery at all. When surgical procedures have been performed, complications can occur, especially in cases of complicated fractures. When titanium plates or screws are used to set the break, they will be implanted permanently. However, there are rare instances where the devices may become contaminated or excessively painful, necessitating revision surgery to remove or replace.

Who Deals with Facial Trauma?

Facial trauma surgery in India is treated and managed by Oral and maxillofacial surgeons who have the training, expertise, and experience to do the same. Face injuries can cause a great deal of physical and mental trauma. Therefore, the science and art of treating these injuries necessitate specialized training that includes hands-on experience and an awareness of how the therapy will affect the patient’s long-term function and appearance.

For this very reason, any facial trauma should be handled by an expert in maxillofacial surgery in India and Richardson Hospital, Nagercoil has world-class facilities and is associated with the best facial trauma surgeon in India, Dr. Sunil Richardson.


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